Inadequate with potential As a country with a system of dense rivers and canals, creating a convenient waterway network linking localities and regions throughout the country, waterway transportation in Vietnam Nam has many advantages such as low cost, low environmental pollution, transportation of many kinds of super-heavy goods, super weight, low initial investment costs. In order to promote these advantages, from 2014, the Ministry of Transport and Transport has opened the Quang Ninh - Quang Binh - Binh Thuan - Kien Giang coastal shipping route for sea - river ships. According to the authorities, the first coastal transport route has brought about a major breakthrough, connecting the river transport - coastal - road through the North - Central - South. After more than 2 years of opening, more than 900 enterprises have joined the trade. Up to now, the fleet has 1,302 vessels (including 32 container ships) operating mainly in Quang Ninh - Quang Binh, Quang Binh - Binh Thuan, Binh Thuan - Kien Giang. The goods are shipped on quite diverse lines. In particular, the route from Quang Ninh, Hai Phong to Thanh Hoa, Ha Tinh mainly construction materials, equipment, coal ... The opposite from Nghe An, Ha Tinh to Hai Duong mainly materials skin. Trains from Nghi Son Refinery to Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue are raw materials, additives for cement plants, petroleum and general merchandise. The routes from Ho Chi Minh City to Vung Tau, Kien Giang and vice versa include general commodities such as rice, fertilizer, building materials, wood, consumer goods. Inland waterway transportation has seen a remarkable growth, accounting for 18% of the freight market, growing at 5-6% per annum. Many commodities, which were mainly transported by road such as ores, cement, steel, agricultural products, have now been converted to waterways to reduce transportation costs. However, shipping has not yet taken full advantage of this type of transport. The main reason is that the means of exploiting waterway transportation is largely old and outdated; Investment in infrastructure, maintenance and maintenance has not been paid enough attention; The model of transport business organization is fragmented and small; The connection to road, rail, sea transport is not suitable and not planned properly to form a network of communication ... It can be said that the waterway infrastructure plays a role A key role in promoting waterway transportation has been developed, but investment has not yet been paid attention. There are lanes though the container and cargo are many, stable, but still have to use small barge to exploit. Cause due to some limited routes to the static, the mudflats, narrow channels and even shallow, civil works encroachment. Therefore, investment in upgrading waterway works and capacity building through the flow of waterways is an urgent need today. How to mobilize resources? Promoting the development of inland waterway transport will contribute to ensuring traffic order and safety, reducing transportation costs, improving the economy, promoting local advantages, creating a transport market. New, reasonable rates, competition ... According to Mr. Hoang Hong Giang, to develop inland waterway worthy of potential, make a breakthrough in economic development should have reasonable investment policies also As the coordinated concern of the various branches and levels and the renewal of the inland navigation itself. At the same time, it is necessary to mobilize to the utmost all social resources to develop inland waterway transport in synchronous connection with other modes of transport; To efficiently exploit the infrastructure in combination with new investment in the construction of synchronous infrastructures, to concentrate on renovating and upgrading inland waterways ... In the coming time, the Department shall continue Organize conferences to interact with transport enterprises operating in the river and sea to catch up with difficulties and shortcomings so as to find solutions to support and create conditions for enterprises to raise their transport capacity; Coordinate with localities to review inland water ports, river channels, riverways, cargo handling capacity ... to improve the capacity of receiving ships for river and sea. In April, 2017, at the meeting with Vietnam Inland Waterways Administration, the mission of the World Bank also commented, the potential and advantages of the waterway system in Vietnam is very high but not yet. Proper promotion. The most obvious expression is that the investment efficiency in this sector is very low in the investment structure of the whole Transport-Transport sector. Consequently, inland waterway transport needs to clarify issues of investment benefit, economic efficiency in order to mobilize capital, quantitative evaluation of specific investment opportunities by mode Public-private partnerships to improve the efficiency of the low-cost but high-cost transport sector.
Inland waterway transport development: It is important to know the